However, many hydrophytes have well developed root systems. For example, Eichhornia and Pistia have well developed adventitious roots. In these. A level OCR Biology on plant adaptations to water availability. Examines the adaptations made by hydrophytes and their importance.

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Is the process in which the plant losses water vapor.

Recently Saha and Datta Munshiand Saha have described limnology of some thermal springs of Bihar. The submerged portions of the plants lack cuticle. In some hydrophytes special type of sclereids called asterosclereids provide mechanical support in the absence of sclerenchyma. They allow diffusion of oxygen from the aerial portions of the plant into the roots.

Xerophytes and Hydrophytes – ppt video online download

We think you have liked this presentation. It is anaerobic and grows autotrophically with H 2 as H-donor and sulphur as hydrogen acceptor. About project SlidePlayer Terms of Service. Sclerenchyma is present in little or moderate quantities in adaptatios aerial portions of the plant. The epidermal layer shows very little, if any, sign of cuticle formation, as water loss is not a problem.

Petioles of floating- leaved hydrophytes have a great capacity for renewed growth, which is perhaps regulated by auxins phytohormones.


Common adaptations to increase the rate of gaseous exchange: Adaptations of Water-plants Hydrophytes. Physiological adaptations Adaptations in metabolic features. Petioles of submerged plants, with free floating leaes are long, spongy and slender.

Many hydrophytes maintain active photosynthesis. In these free-floating rosette plants, the roots are at least partly responsible for preserving the stability of their rosette leaves.

In India, hot springs are scattered in many parts of the country. The epidermis is used hydrolhytes an absorbing or photosynthesizing organs rather than a protecting organ. Published by Jerome Houston Modified over 3 years ago.

Leaves of hydrophytes show a number of variations in the structure of their leaf lamina. The wax prevents water from clogging and also protects the leaf from physical and chemical injuries.

Adaptations in external features. The adaptatipns, especially prokaryotes, which occur in deep-sea thermal vents, are extremophiles having highly specialized enzymes.

Well that’s all I got for now. In submerged aquatics with free floating aerial leaves, the submerged leaves are generally linear, ribbon-shaped or finely dissected while the aerial leaves are complete and rounded or lobed.

The absence of secondary growth in thickness of stems and roots is also an important characteristic of hydrophytes. These bacteria can probably use nitrate in addition to oxygen, producing ammonia adaptatione nitrate as end products.


In the submerged parts of the plants the stomata are totally absent or vestigial. The Utricularia, a carnivorous plant, flowers when grown aseptically in inorganic nutrient medium but only when supplemented with organic nitrogenous compounds, e. Phloem tissues are not well developed, there are a few exceptions.

Xerophytes and Hydrophytes

This is a topic of botany. Mechanisms for water vapour uptake in desert mites and desert cockroach, Arenivaga, are quite interesting and many desert insects use discontinuous respiration. They may be fresh water or marine water plants. It is possible that hydrophytes developed concurrently with land plants. Edexcel Biology AS Level, but also other exam hydrphytes.

These plants only open their stomata in the dark at night. Physiological Adaptations of Hydrophytes. Nympha ea and Nelumbium. Hydrophytes show the following adaptations in the anatomical features:. Undergraduate Full time Part time. They are present only on the upper surface of the leaves of rooted and floating hydrophytes.